Deprived neighbourhoods often have a cluster of people experiencing poverty and have a lack of investment into infrastructure, transport, parks, education, and housing (1) Neighbourhood poverty is characterised by the proportion of households experiencing poverty in one area (2).
Neighbourhood poverty and deprivation can lead to risk factors such as poorer quality education, poverty, higher crime rates, poor access to housing, and unemployment (3). Deprived neighbourhoods have been associated with poorer mental health than less deprived neighbourhoods, such as depression, anxiety (4), and suicide (Dyxkhoorn et al., In Prep). Furthermore, people in these neighbourhoods tend to require longer mental health treatments (3).
1. Rae A, Hamilton R, Crisp R, Powell R. Overcoming deprivation and disconnection in UK cities. York; 2016 Aug.
2. The Pew Charitable Trusts. Neighborhood Poverty and Household Financial Security [Internet]. 2016. Available from: https://www.pewtrusts.org/-/media/assets/2016/01/chartbook--neighborhood-poverty-and-household-financial-security_v3.pdf
3. Finegan M, Firth N, Delgadillo J. Adverse impact of neighbourhood socioeconomic deprivation on psychological treatment outcomes: the role of area-level income and crime. Psychother Res [Internet]. 2020 May 18 [cited 2021 Jan 22];30(4):546–54. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10503307.2019.1649500
4. Fone D, White J, Farewell D, Kelly M, John G, Lloyd K, et al. Effect of neighbourhood deprivation and social cohesion on mental health inequality: A multilevel population-based longitudinal study. Psychol Med [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2021 Jan 21];44(11):2449–60. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24451050/